Tunisia is a North African country with a long sea coastline. This country has a population of 10 million people, and the capital city is Tunis. Tunisians are almost entirely Arab. The country achieved independence in 1956 and until 2011, it was ruled by the same party and only two presidents: Habib Bourgiba and Ben Ali Bourgiba, who took power in 1987. The Arab Spring began in Tunisia in December 2010 when Mohamed Bouazizi, a street vendor, set himself on fire after being persecuted by local officials. Mass demonstrations followed as Tunisians set to the streets to protest the unemployment and high prices sedimented by the repressive regime. By January 2011, Ben Ali fled the country. In October 2011, elections were held and a National Constituent Assembly drafted a new constitution. In 2013 elections for a new president and parliament were held. The Hizb al-Nahda party dominated the elections and Hamadi Jebali became prime minister and Moncef Marzouki presidency. Jabali resigned in 2013, and Mehdi Jomaa was appointed. Mohamed Beji Caid Essebsi won the 2014 presidential election.